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Every collector should learn these teddy terms!
 
Alpaca:
a silky wool fabric made from the fleece of the alpaca, a domesticated South American hoofed mammal with a long, soft, silky fleece; related to the llama
Angora goat:
variety of domesticated goat with long silky hair called mohair from which the fabric of the same name is made
Antique:
generally speaking, an object of considerable age valued for its esthetic or historical significance; in the antiques trade, objects more than 100 years old
Appraisal:
an expert estimation of the value, quality and other characteristics of something
Arctophile:
a person who collects bears; from the Greek arktos, meaning bear
Artist bear:
a bear from an original pattern designed and made by hand in a limited edition or as a one-of-a-kind
Boston, Wendy:
developed and patented the first lock-in safety eyes for bears in 1948; created the first un-jointed, machine-washable teddy bear in 1954
Certificate of authenticity:
a document that accompanies a piece denoting the name of the manufacturer, artist, date, size of the edition, etc. This is more commonly demonstrated through Steiffs button in ear or Merrythought badge on foot pad
Christie’s:
first auction house to host a sale, in 1993, entirely devoted to teddy bears
Cotter pin:
a two-pronged metal pin used to fasten the disc joints that allow a teddy bear to move its arms, legs and head
Cub:
the young of a bear
Disc-jointed:
bear’s head and limbs are attached with discs and pins; Steiff’s first disc-jointed bears appeared in 1905 and a similar method is still used by many bear makers today
Double jointed:
generally refers to the joints in some teddy bears’ necks when two joints are used for extra poseability
Embroidered nose:
nose is stitched with thread or floss; the vertical and horizontal stitching and color of the thread can sometimes help to determine the bear’s maker
Faux fur:
plush fabric made of artificial fibers; also known as synthetic fur
Felt:
nonwoven typically woolen fabric frequently used for a teddy bear’s paw and foot pads
Fiberfill:
synthetic fibers, such as polyester, used as a filling
Growler:
a “voice box” fitted in a bear’s tummy or side that is activated by tipping the bear back and forth to create a growling sound
Gusset:
the wedge-shaped piece of fabric between the two head pieces on most bears
Gutta-percha:
tough rubber-like material used for some bears’ noses, such as the first Steiff rod bear
Hangtag:
a thin card tag attached to a bear or hung around its neck to identify the manufacturer
Heirloom:
family possession handed down from generation to generation
Hug:
a collection of teddy bears
Hump:
a pronounced lump on the back of a bear, most often seen on early bears
Jointed:
generally discs are inserted at each of the bear’s arms and legs and at the neck allowing movement
kapok:
a lightweight, hygenic and soft stuffing material mainly used in the 1920s and 1930s, sometimes used in combination with excelsior
Limited edition:
offered in a restricted number
Materials:
in the antiques and collectibles business, refers to what an object is made from, such as mohair, felt or excelsior
Micro-mini:
opinions vary as to what should be considered a “micro-mini” bear, but typically a bear under 2 inches tall is regarded as such
Miniature bear:
opinions vary as to what should be considered a “miniature” bear, but typically a bear under 5 inches tall is regarded as such
Mohair
is the fabric of choice for most teddy bear makers and is now available in a wide assortment of colors and textures.mohair material from which the first Steiff teddy bear was made; 
remains the preferred bear-making material for many bear makers; originally yarn or cloth made from the fleece of an Angora goat but today it may be a wool and cotton mix

Muzzle:
snout
Nap:
soft or fuzzy surface of fabric, such as mohair; changing the direction the nap lies when making a bear changes the bear’s appearance
Needle felting:
the process of poking into natural fibers with relatively long needles that have small barbs on them; “dry” felting technique is used to create soft-sculpture bears and other animals and is often incorporated into designs to add detail on paw pads and faces
Pile:
the surface of a fabric with cut or looped upright yarns, or one of the strands in such a surface; mohair comes in a variety of “pile” lengths
Plush:
sometimes used to refer generally to non-mohair manufactured bears; fabric of silk, rayon, cotton or other material with a thick, deep pile
Poly-fil:
brand name of a popular polyester stuffing used in bears; see also: fiberfill
Provenance:
the history of ownership of a bear, including who owned it, when, where and for how long—all of which, if known and verified, often adds significant value to an antique or collectible; 
the records or documents authenticating such an object or the history of its ownership; a photograph of a bear with a previous owner is an example
Restore:
to bring back to a former or original condition
Rexine:
the trade name for a leather cloth made by covering a woven cloth with cellulose nitrate; often used on bears’ paw pads and foot pads in the mid-1900s
Squeaker:
a voice box, often fitted in a teddy bear’s tummy, that emits a sound when pressed
Steiff, Margarete:
began Margarete Steiff GmbH in Germany in 1880; the company is credited for creating the first jointed mohair teddy bear
Steiff, Richard:
nephew of Margarete Steiff, he is credited for designing the first jointed mohair teddy bear in 1902 in Giengen, Germany
Ted:
short for teddy bear
Theodore Society:
organization dedicated to the promotion and preservation of the teddy bear
Ultrasuede:
a brand of washable, synthetic suede-like material frequently used for the paw pads and foot pads on artist bears
Ursa:
Latin for bear
Wobble joint:
a very loose joint in a bear’s neck that causes the head to bob
 
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